This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Spanish. View a machine-translated version of the Spanish article.
Republic of the Rif. December Click [show] for important translation instructions.
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By the 15th centurymany Moors were exiled from Spainand most of them settled in Western Rif and brought their culture, such as Andalusian musicand even established the city of Chefchaouen. Since then, the Rif has suffered numerous battles with Spain and Portugal. InPortugal invaded Ceutaand in Spain conquered Melilla.